Consortium Fenix brings together professionals from the energy, cement and construction industries in order to create an integrated system of treatment of pulverized fuel ash from power plants, which we called “Fenix”.
Our goal is to create conditions in Russia providing the commercialization of pulverized fuel ash from power plants.
Today about 30,400,000 tons of ash and slag materials are produced annually in Russia.The lion's share is sent to ash-disposal sites due to the lack of quality management systems, as well as storage and distribution systems. Nowadays pulverized fuel ash is perceived solely as waste, although this product can be used in the construction industry as an additive to dry building mixes, concretes, as well as in the production of ceramic products. Growing ash-disposal sites are a threat to the environment and their limited capacity threaten the power plants with closure.
We want to change this situation for the better.
Situation on the Russian market
Today in Russia there are about 350 coal-fired power plants and coal-fired combined heat and power plants. About 145 of them are large plants with volume of ash formation more than 100,000 tons per year for each. At the same time about 100 of them are positioning themselves as potential suppliers of ash.
Annual output of ashes and slag is about 30,400,000 tons. Less than 4 million tons of pulverized fuel ash is delivered to consumers’ market. According to the different estimates, from 1.5 to 1.8 billion tons of ash and slag materials are accumulated on ash-disposal sites. Capacity of ash-disposal sites of 110 Russian power plants is nearly exhausted.
Such situation reveals local environmental disasters and inefficient work with these problems in Russia.
Energy industry issues
For historical reasons, the power industry of the country was focused on the only task: to give the country a lot of cheap energy. Problems of production waste treatment were relegated to the sidelines, and often were forgotten. Moreover, this was expressed in design choices. Thus, for example, Reftinskaya power plant producing 5-6 million tons of ash per year until very recently had only two silo pits with capacity of 2500 tons each. And these are the largest silo pits of all the coal-fired power plants in Russia. Most power plants have no silo pits for ash delivery to consumers at all, and, consequently, no ash treatment systems, designed for its commercialization.
There are no strong incentives that would force power engineers to deal with the problems of ash commercialization. For example, in European countries ash-disposal areas of coal-fired power plants are either prohibited, or are subject to fine, the amount of which is equivalent to the sum from €60 (Finland) to €120 (Germany) for each ton of ash sent to the ash-disposal area. In Russia this fee makes up the sum of 15-20 rubles per ton (0.2 Euro) maximum. In addition to this, it is possible to include the costs associated with ash disposal into the cost of energy.
Some of Russian power plants (Reftinskaya state district power plant, Berezovskaya state district power plant) introduce design choices oriented to the optimization of ash-disposal areas, but not to the optimization of the produced ash commercialization. Thus, the working capacity of the complex created in the territory of Reftinskaya state district power plant includes the commercialization of 25% of ash. It does not include a variety of consumer properties of this ash. Moreover, this technology involves mixing of all kinds of ash in one silo pit, which will reduce both the efficiency of sales and stability of the product supplied to the market. The same problems exist in the project of Berezovskaya state district power plant.
The reason for such decisions in Russia is the lack of professional structures able to analyze, design, construct and establish a system for the whole sphere of problematic connected with the ash of a certain power plant.
Each ash-disposal site
is a local
Consortium Fenix brings together professionals from the energy, cement and building industries. The synergistic effect of such a combination gave the opportunity to create a product which, until recently, didn’t exist in the Russian market – namely, an integrated system of treatment for power plant fly ash.
The Fenix Integrated System consists of:
Research of all the types of ashes and slags from a certain power plant aimed at the stability of its parameters and the factors influencing this stability. Determination of the directions of these ashes usage in industry, construction and agriculture. Formation of the sales market within 500-1000 km from the power plant.
Project creation connected with dry ash and slag disposal, focused on the delivery of the ash to the consumers, rather than its storage in dumps, using the most modern technologies and equipment.
Construction of ash and slag disposal system with the help of the latest and the fastest methods under conditions of operating power plant.
Organization of marketable ash distribution among the consumers.
Thus, the power plant gets a solution for problems with ash and slag waste designed with respect to its unique features.
Consortium Fenix includes six companies, widely regarded as professionals in their respective fields. Only a comprehensive approach to ash and slag waste disposal is able to solve this problem.
These companies are: PCV (supplier of shale ash), Renaissance Construction (construction company), E4 Group (engineering), CM Pro (investment and management), Giprocement Institute (Institute of cement industry) and IBAU Hamburg (manufacturer of equipment for bulk materials storage and transportation). Each company is responsible for its direction within the Consortium.